Grade 2 Version: CPS06-07

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Science

Strand: Characteristics of Science -- Habits of Mind

S2CS1 Ask Questions
Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, oppenness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.
Element: S2CS1a Raise Questions About World Around Them
Raise questions about the world around them and be willing to seek answers to some of the questions by making careful observations and measurements and trying to figure things out.

S2CS2 Uses Numbers to Quantify
Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.
Element: S2CS2a Whole Numbers
Use whole numbers in ordering, counting, identifying, measuring, and describing things and experiences.
Element: S2CS2b Single-Digit Numbers
Readily give the sums and differences of single-digit numbers in ordinary, practical contexts and judge the reasonableness of the answer.
Element: S2CS2c Rough Estimates
Give rough estimates of numerical answers to problems before doing them formally.
Element: S2CS2d Make Quantitative Estimates
Make quantitative estimates of familiar lengths, weights, and time intervals, and check them by measuring.

S2CS3 Uses Tools to Measure and View
Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.
Element: S2CS3a Ordinary Hand Tools and Instruments
Use ordinary hand tools and instruments to construct, measure, and look at objects.
Element: S2CS3b Assemble, Describe, Take Apart, Reassemble Constructions
Assemble, describe, take apart, and reassemble constructions using interlocking blocs, erector sets, and other things.
Element: S2CS3c Make Something To Be Used To Perform Task
Make something that can actually be used to perform a task, using paper, cardboard, wood, plastic, metal, or existing objects.

S2CS4 System, Model, Change, and Scale
Students will use the ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
Element: S2CS4a Identify Parts of Things
Identify the parts of things, such as toys or tools, and identify what things can do when put together that they could not do otherwise.
Element: S2CS4b Use A Model
Use a model - such as a toy or a picture - to describe a feature of the primary thing.
Element: S2CS4c Describe Changes
Describe changes in the size, weight, color, or movement of things, and note which of their other qualities remain the same during a specific change.
Element: S2CS4d Compare Different Sizes
Campare very different sizes, weights, ages (baby/adult), and speeds (fast/slow) of both human made and natural things.

S2CS5 Communicate Scientific Ideas
Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.
Element: S2CS5a Describe and Compare In Terms of Number, Shape, etc
Describe and compare things in terms of number, shape, texture, size, weight, color, and motion.
Element: S2CS5b Draw Pictures
Draw pictures (grade level appropriate) that correctly portray features of the thing being described.
Element: S2CS5c Use Graphs to Communicate Data
Use simple pictographs nad bar graphs to communicate data.

Strand: Charcteristics of Science -- The Nature of Science

S2CS6 Scientific Knowledge
Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will recognize that:
Element: S2CS6a Similar Results
When a science investigation is done the way it was done before, we expect to get a similar result.
Element: S2CS6b Collecting Data and Testing Hypotheses
Science involves collecting data and testing hypotheses.
Element: S2CS6c Scientists
Scientists often repead experiments multiple times and subject their ideas to criticism by other scientists who may disagree with them and do further tests.
Element: S2CS6d All Kinds of People Can be Scientists
All different kinds of people can be and are scientists.

S2CS7 Scientific Inquiry
Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
Element: S2CS7a Common Language
Scientists use a common language with precise definitions of terms to make it easier to communicate their observations to each other.
Element: S2CS7b Work as a Team
In doing science, it is often helpful to work as a team. All team members should reach their own individual conclusions and share their understandings with other members of the team in order to develop a consensus.
Element: S2CS7c Tools Often Give More Information
Tools such as thermometers, rulers, and balances often give more information about things than can be obtained by just observing things without help.
Element: S2CS7d Know the Needs of Living Things
Much can be learned about plants and animals by observing them closely, but care must be taken to know the needs of living things and how to provide for them. Advantages can be taken of classroom pets.

Strand: Earth and Space Science

S2E1 Stars
Students will understand that stars have different sizes, brightness, and patterns.
Element: S2E1a Physical Attributes of Stars
Describe the physical attributes of stars - size, brightness, and patterns.

S2E2 Sun and Moon
Students will investigate the position of sun and moon to show patterns throughout the year.
Element: S2E2a Position of the Sun
Investigate the position of the sun in relation to a fixed object on earth at various times of the day.
Element: S2E2b Shadows
Determine how the shadows change through the day by making a shadow stick or using a sundial.
Element: S2E2c Relate Length of Day and Night to Change in Seasons
Relate the length of the day and night to the change in seasons (for example: Days are longer than the night in the summer.).
Element: S2E2d Shape of the Moon
Use observations and charts to record the shape of the moon for a period of time.

S2E3 Changes in Surroundings
Students will observe and record changes in their surroundings and infer the causes of the changes.
Element: S2E3a Recognize Effects of Surroundings Caused by Various Things
Recognize effects that occur in a specific area caused by weather, plants, animals, and/or people.

Strand: Physical Science

S2P1 Properties of Matter and Changes in Objects
Students will investigate the properties of matter and changes that occur in objects.
Element: S2P1a Three Common States of Matter
Identify the three common states of matter as solid, liquid, or gas.
Element: S2P1b Changes in Objects
Investigate changes in objects by tearing, dissolving, melting, squeezing, etc.

S2P2 Energy
Students will identify sources of energy and how the energy is used.
Element: S2P2a Light and Heat Energy, and Energy of Motion
Identify sources of light energy, heat energy, and energy of motion.
Element: S2P2b How Light, Heat and Motion Energy are Used
Describe how light, heat, and motion energy are used.

S2P3 Speed
Students will demonstrate changes in speed and direction using pushes and pulls.
Element: S2P3a Affects of Pushing and Pulling an Object
Demonstrate how pushing and pulling an object affects the motion of the object.
Element: S2P3b Effects of Changes of Speed on Object
Demonstrate the effects of changes of speed on an object.

Strand: Life Science

S2L1 Life Cycles
Students will investigate the life cycles of different living organisms.
Element: S2L1a Sequence of Life Cycle of Common Animals
Determine the sequence of the life cycle of common animals in your area: a mammal such as a cat or dog or classroom pet, a bird such as a chicken, an amphibian such as a frog, and an insect such as a butterfly.
Element: S2L1b Relate Seasonal Changes to Tree Changes
Relate seasonal changes to observations of how a tree changes throughout a school year.
Element: S2L1c Life Cycle of a Plant
Investigate the life cycle of a plant by growing a plant from a seed and by recording changes over a period of time.
Element: S2L1d Fungi
Identify fungi (mushrooms) as living organisms.

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