Grade 4 Version: CPS06-07

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Science

Strand: Characteristics of Science -- Habits of Mind

S4CS1 Records Investigations
Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.
Element: S4CS1b Use Reasoning
Carefully distinguish observations from ideas and speculation about those observations.
Element: S4CS1a Keep Honest Records
a. Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.
Element: S4CS1c Support Findings & Consider Reasons
Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others.
Element: S4CS1d Responsible For Safety
Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious.

S4CS3 Measurement and Safety Concerns
Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities utilizing safe laboratory procedures.
Element: S4CS3b Measure and Mix Dry and Liquid Materials
Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.
Element: S4CS3a Choose Common Materials
Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.
Element: S4CS3c Capture Information
Use computers, cameras and recording devices for caturing information.
Element: S4CS3d Use Materials and Equipment Safely
Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.

S4CS2 Analyzes Whole Number Data
Students willhave the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.
Element: S4CS2a Whole Numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers mentally, on paper, and with a calculator.
Element: S4CS2b Fractions and Decimals
Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions - halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) - in scientific calculations.
Element: S4CS2c Measurements and Computations of Quantities
Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonalbe answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.

S4CS4 System, Model, Change, and Scale
Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
Element: S4CS4a Describe How Parts Influence Others
Observe and describe how parts influence one another in things with many parts.
Element: S4CS4b Use Representations to Explain
Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.
Element: S4CS4c ID Patterns of Change in Things
Identify patterns of change in things - such as steady, repetitive, or irregular change - using records, tables, or graphs of measurements where appropriate.

S4CS5 Communicates Scientific Ideas
Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.
Element: S4CS5a Write Instructions
Write instructions that others can follow in carrying out a scientific procedure.
Element: S4CS5b Sketch Explanations
Make sketches to aid in explaining scientific procedures or ideas.
Element: S4CS5c Use Numerical Data
Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events.
Element: S4CS5d Locate Information For Research
Locate scientific information in reference books, back issues of newspapers and magazines, CD-ROMs, and computer databases.

S4CS6 Researches
Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.
Element: S4CS6a Support Claims With Facts and Sources
Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.
Element: S4CS6b ID Variations That Skew Conclusions
Identify when comparisons might not be fair because some conditions are different.

Strand: Charcteristics of Science -- The Nature of Science

S4CS7 Scientific Knowledge
Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved. Students will recognize that:
Element: S4CS7a Scientific Investigations Seldom Produce Exactly the Same Results
Similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.
Element: S4CS7b Recognize History of Science
Some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.

S4CS8 Importance of Inquiry
Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
Element: S4CS8a Apply Different Forms of Inquiry
Scientific investiagations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.
Element: S4CS8b Apply Communication Skills
Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.
Element: S4CS8c Understand How Scientists Use Technology
Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.
Element: S4CS8d Relates to the Work of Science
Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.

Strand: Earth and Space Science

S4E1 Physical Attributes of Stars, Star Patterns, and Planets
Students will compare and contrast the physical attributes of stars, star patterns, and planets.
Element: S4E1a Physical Attributes of Stars
Recognize the physical attributes of stars in the night sky such as number, size, color, and patterns.
Element: S4E1b Similarities and Differences in Planets
Compare the similarities and differences of planets to the stars in appearance, position, and number in the night sky.
Element: S4E1c Constellations and Planet Locations
Explain why the pattern of stars in a constellation stays the same, but a planet can be seen in differnt locations at different times.
Element: S4E1d Technology Used to View Night Sky
Identify how technology is used to observe distant objects in the sky.

S4E2 Position and Motion of the Earth
Students will model the position and motion of the earth in the solar system and will explain the role of relative position and motion in determining sequence of the phases of the moon.
Element: S4E2a Day/Night Cycle
Explain the day/night cycle of the earth using a model.
Element: S4E2b Phases of Moon
Explain the sequence of the phases of the moon.
Element: S4E2c Earth's Seasons
Demonstrate the revolution of the earth around the sun and the earth's tilt to explain the seasonal changes.
Element: S4E2d Solar System Scale Model
Demonstrate the relative size and order from the sun of the planets in the solar system.

S4E3 States of Water, Water Cycle, and Weather
Students will differentiate between the states of water and how they relate to the water cycle and weather.
Element: S4E3a States of Matter (Water)
Demonstrate how water changes states from solid (ice) to liquid (water) to gas (water vapor/steam) and changes from gas to liquid to solid.
Element: S4E3b Freezing/Boiling Temperatures of Water
Identify the temperatures at which water becomes a solid and at which water becomes a gas.
Element: S4E3c Cloud Formation
Investigate how clouds are formed.
Element: S4E3d Water Cycle
Explain the water cycle (evaporation, condensation, and precipitation).
Element: S4E3e Precipitation and Sky Conditions
Investigate different forms of precipitation and sky conditions (rain, snow, sleet, hail, coulds, and fog).

S4E4 Weather Charts/Maps
Students will analyze weather charts/maps and collect weather data to predict weather events and infer patterns and seasonal changes.
Element: S4E4a Weather Instruments and Forecasts
Identify weather instruments and explain how each is used in gathering weather data and making forecasts (thermometer, rain gauge, barometer, wind vane, anemometer).
Element: S4E4b ID Weather Conditions on Map
Using a weather map, identify the fronts, temperature, and precipitation and use the information to interpret the weather conditions.
Element: S4E4c Weather Patterns
Use observations and records of weather conditions to predict weather patterns throughout the year.
Element: S4E4d Differentiate Between Weather and Climate
Differentiate between weather and climate.

Strand: Physical Science

S4P1 Nature of Light
Students will investigate the nature of light using tools such as mirrors, lenses, and prisms.
Element: S4P1a Transparent, Opaque, and Translucent
Identify materials that are transparent, opaque, and translucent.
Element: S4P1b Reflection of Light
Investigate the reflection of light using a mirror and a light source.
Element: S4P1c ID Uses of Lenses and Prisms
Identify the physical attributes of a convex lens, a concave lens, and a prism and where each is used.

S4P2 Sound
Students will demonstrate how sound is produced by vibrating objects and how sound can be varied by changing the rate of vibration.
Element: S4P2a Making Sound
Investigate how sound is produced.
Element: S4P2b Variations of Pitch
Recognize the conditions that cause pitch to vary.

S4P3 Force and Change in Position and Motion of an Object
Students will demonstrate the relationship between the application of a force and the resulting change in position and motion on an object. TEACHER NOTE: The use of mathematical formulas is not recommended in S4P3. Fourth grade students should carry out investigations to provide a foundation of concrete experience for the abstract understandings of physical science in upper grades.
Element: S4P3b Force, Speed, and Motion - Newton's 1st
Using different size objects, observe how force affects speed and motion.
Element: S4P3a Simple Machines
Identify simple machines and explain their uses (lever, pulley, wedge, inclined plane, screw, wheel and axle).
Element: S4P3c Speed, Direction, and Force - Newton's 2nd
Explain what happens to the speed or direction of an object when a greater force than the initial one is applied.
Element: S4P3d Effect of Gravity
Demonstrate the effect of gravitational force on the motion of an object.

Strand: Life Science

S4L1 Roles of Organisms and Flow of Energy in an Ecosystem
Students will describe the roles of organisms and the flow of energy within an ecosystem.
Element: S4L1a Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers
Identify the roles of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a community.
Element: S4L1b Food Web/Chain
Demonstrate the flow of energy through a food web/food chain beginning with sunlight and including producers, consumers, and decomposers.
Element: S4L1c Impact of Change on Ecosystems
predict how changes in environment would affect a community (ecosystem) of organisms.
Element: S4L1d Effects of Population
Predict effects on a population if some of the plants or animals in the community are scarce or if there are too many.

S4L2 Survival and Extinction of Organisms
Students will identify factors that affect the survival or extinction of organisms such as adaptation, variation of behaviors (hibernation), and external features (camouflage and protection).
Element: S4L2a Protective Adaptations
Identify external features of organisms that allow them to survive or reproduce better than organisms that do not have these features (for example: camouflage, use of hibernation, protection, etc.).
Element: S4L2b Causes of Extinction
Identify factors that may have let to the extinction of some organisms.

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