Grade 5 Version: CPS06-07

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Science

Strand: Characteristics of Science -- Habits of Mind

S5CS1 Records Investigations
Students will be aware of the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science and will exhibit these traits in their own efforts to understand how the world works.
Element: S5CS1d Safety Conscious
Take responsibility for understanding the importance of being safety conscious.
Element: S5CS1a Keeps Honest Records
Keep records of investigations and observations and do not alter the records later.
Element: S5CS1b Observations
Carefully distinguish observations from ideas and speculation about those observations.
Element: S5CS1c Valid Results
Offer reasons for findings and consider reasons suggested by others.

S5CS2 Analyzes Whole Number Data
Students will have the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and following scientific explanations.
Element: S5CS2b Fractions and Decimals
Use fractions and decimals, and translate between decimals and commonly encountered fractions - halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, tenths, and hundredths (but not sixths, sevenths, and so on) - in scientific calculations.
Element: S5CS2c Measurements and Computations of Quantities
Judge whether measurements and computations of quantities, such as length, area, volume, weight, or time, are reasonable answers to scientific problems by comparing them to typical values.
Element: S5CS2a Whole Numbers
Add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers mentally, on paper, and with a calculator.

S5CS3 Measurement and Safety Concerns
Students will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating objects in scientific activities.
Element: S5CS3b Measure and Mix Dry and Liquid Materials
Measure and mix dry and liquid materials in prescribed amounts, exercising reasonable safety.
Element: S5CS3a Choose Common Materials
Choose appropriate common materials for making simple mechanical constructions and repairing things.
Element: S5CS3c Capture Information
Use computers, cameras and recording devices for capturing information.
Element: S5CS3d Use Materials and Equipment Safely
Identify and practice accepted safety procedures in manipulating science materials and equipment.

S5CS4 System, Model, Change, and Scale
Students will use ideas of system, model, change, and scale in exploring scientific and technological matters.
Element: S5CS4a Describe How Parts Influence Others
Observe and describe how parts influence one antoher in things with many parts.
Element: S5CS4b Use Representations to Explain
Use geometric figures, number sequences, graphs, diagrams, sketches, number lines, maps, and stories to represent corresponding features of objects, events, and processes in the real world. Identify ways in which the representations do not match their original counterparts.
Element: S5CS4c ID Patterns Of Change In Things
Identify patterns of change in things - such as steady, repetitive, or irregular change - using records, tables, or graphs of measurements where appropriate.
Element: S5CS4d ID Biggest/Smallest Values
Identify the biggest and the smallest possible values of something.

S5CS5 Communicates Scientific Ideas
Students will communicate scientific ideas and activities clearly.
Element: S5CS5a Write Instruction
Write instructions that others can follow in carrying out a scientific procedure.
Element: S5CS5b Sketch Explanations
Make sketches to aid in explaining scientific procedures or ideas.
Element: S5CS5c Use Numerical Data
Use numerical data in describing and comparing objects and events.
Element: S5CS5d Locate Information for Research
Locate scientific information in reference books, back issues of newspapers and magazines, CD-ROMs, and computer databases.

S5CS6 Researches
Students will question scientific claims and arguments effectively.
Element: S5CS6a Support Claims With Facts and Sources
Support statements with facts found in books, articles, and databases, and identify the sources used.
Element: S5CS6b ID Variations That Skew Conclusions
Identify when comparisons might not be fair because some conditions are different.

Strand: Charcteristics of Science -- The Nature of Science

S5CS7 Scientific Knowledge
Students will be familiar with the character of scientific knowledge and how it is achieved.
Element: S5CS7a Scientific Investigations Seldom Produce Same Results
Students will recognize that similar scientific investigations seldom produce exactly the same results, which may differ due to unexpected differences in whatever is being investigated, unrecognized differences in the methods or circumstances of the investigation, or observational uncertainties.
Element: S5CS7b Recognize History of Science
Students will recognize that some scientific knowledge is very old and yet is still applicable today.

S5CS8 Importance of Inquiry
Students will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. Students will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
Element: S5CS8a Apply Different Forms of Inquiry
Scientific investigations may take many different forms, including observing what things are like or what is happening somewhere, collecting specimens for analysis, and doing experiments.
Element: S5CS8b Apply Communication Skills
Clear and active communication is an essential part of doing science. It enables scientists to inform others about their work, expose their ideas to criticism by other scientists, and stay informed about scientific discoveries around the world.
Element: S5CS8c Understand How Scientists Use Technology
Scientists use technology to increase their power to observe things and to measure and compare things accurately.
Element: S5CS8d Relates to the Work of Science
Science involves many different kinds of work and engages men and women of all ages and backgrounds.

Strand: Earth and Space Science

S5E1 Constructive & Destructive Processes
Students will identify surface features of the Earth caused by constructive and destructive processes.
Element: S5E1a Constructive Processes
Identify surface features caused by constructive processes
  • Deposition (Deltas, sand dunes, etc.)
  • Earthquakes
  • Volcanoes
  • Faults
  • Element: S5E1b Destructive Processes
    Identify and find examples of surface features caused by destructive processes.
  • Erosion (water - rivers and oceans, wind)
  • Weathering
  • Impact of organisms
  • Earthquake
  • Volcano
  • Element: S5E1c Technology, Human Interventions, and Constructive and Destructive Processes
    Relate the role of technology and human intervention in the control of constructive and destructive processes. Examples include, but are not limited to,
  • seismological studies,
  • flood control, (dams, levees, storm drain management, etc.)
  • beach reclamation (Georgia coastal islands)

    Strand: Physical Science

    S5P1 Parts of a Whole
    Students will verify that an object is the sum of its parts.
    Element: S5P1a Mass of Objects
    Demonstrate that the mass of an object is equal to the sum of its parts by manipulating and measuring different objects made of various parts.
    Element: S5P1b Microscopic Parts
    Investigate how common items have parts that are too small to be seen without magnification.

    S5P2 Physical and Chemical Change
    Students will explain the difference between a physical change and a chemical change.
    Element: S5P2a Physical Changes
    Investigate physical changes by separating mixtures and manipulating (cutting, tearing, folding) paper to demonstrate examples of physical change.
    Element: S5P2b States of Matter (Water)
    Recognize that the changes in state of water (water vapor/steam, liquid, ice) are due to temperature differences and are examples of physical change.
    Element: S5P2c Chemical Changes
    Investigate the properties of a substance before, during, and after a chemical reaction to find evidence of change.

    S5P3 Electricity, Magnetism, and Their Relationship
    Students will investigate the electricity, magnetism and their relationship.
    Element: S5P3a Static Electricity
    Investigate static electricity.
    Element: S5P3b Electric Circuit
    Determine the necessary components for completing an electric circuit.
    Element: S5P3c Insulators/Conductors of Electricity
    Investigate common materials to determine if they are insulators or conductors of electricity.
    Element: S5P3d Bar Magnet vs. Electromagnet
    Compare a bar magnet and an electromagnet.

    Strand: Life Science

    S5L1 Classification of Organisms
    Students will classify organisms into groups and relate how they determined the groups with how and why scientists use classification.
    Element: S5L1a Animal Classification
    Demonstrate how animals are sorted into groups (vertebrate and invertebrate) and how vertebrates are sorted into groups (fish, amphibian, reptile, bird, and mammal).
    Element: S5L1b Plant Classification
    Demonstrate how plants are sorted into groups.

    S5L2 Inherited Traits and Learned Behaviors
    Students will recognize that offspring can resemble parents in inherited traits and learned behaviors. TEACHER NOTE: Be sensitive to this topic since biological parents may be unavailable.
    Element: S5L2a Learned Behaviors vs. Inherited Traits
    Compare and contrast the characteristics of learned behaviors and of inherited traits.
    Element: S5L2b Genetics
    Discuss what a gene is and the role genes play in the transfer of traits.

    S5L3 Parts of Cells
    Students will diagram and label parts of various cells (plant, animal, single-celled, multi-celled).
    Element: S5L3a Observation of Cell Structure
    Use magnifiers such as microscopes or hand lenses to observe cells and their structure.
    Element: S5L3b ID Plant Cell Parts
    Identify parts of a plant cell (membrane, wall, cytoplasm, nucleus, chloroplasts) and of an animal cell (membrane, cytoplasm, and nucleus) and determine the function of the parts.
    Element: S5L3c Multi-Celled vs. Single-Celled Organisms
    Explain how cells in multi-celled organisms are similar and different in structure and function to single-celled organisms.

    S5L4 Microorganisms and Larger Organisms
    Students will relate how microorganisms benefit or harm larger organisms
    Element: S5L4a ID Beneficial Microorganisms
    Identify beneficial microorganisms and explain why they are beneficial.
    Element: S5L4b ID Harmful Microorganisms
    Identify harmful microorganisms and explain why they are harmful.

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