Chemistry Version: CPS05-06

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Science

Strand: Characteristics of Science -- Habits of Mind

S.ChS.1 Science Inquiry: Questions & Design
The learner will evaluate the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science:
Element: S.ChS.1.a
Exhibit the above traits in their own scientific activities
Element: S.ChS.1.b
Recognize that different explanations often can be given for the same evidence
Element: S.ChS.1.c
Explain that further understanding of scientific problems relies on the design and execution of new experiments which may reinforce or weaken opposing explanations.

S.ChS.2 Science Inquiry: Safety
The learner will use standard safety practices for all classroom laboratory and field investigations:
Element: S.ChS.2.a
Follow correct procedures for use of scientific apparatus
Element: S.ChS.2.b
Demonstrate appropriate technique in all laboratory situations
Element: S.ChS.2.c
Follow correct protocal for identifying and reporting safety problems and violations

S.ChS.3 Science Inquiry: Lab Processes
The learner will identify and investigate problems scientifically:
Element: S.ChS.3.a
Suggest reasonable hypotheses for identified problems
Element: S.ChS.3.b
Develop procedures for solving scientific problems
Element: S.ChS.3.c
Collect, organize, and record appropriate data
Element: S.ChS.3.d
Graphically compare and analyze data points and/or summary statistics
Element: S.ChS.3.e
Develop reasonable conclusions based on data collected
Element: S.ChS.3.f
Evaluate whether conclusions are reasonable by reviewing the process and checking against other available information.

The student creates basic spreadsheets to organize and display information.

S.ChS.4 Science Inquiry: Data Collection & Technology
The learner will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating scientific equipment and materials:
Element: S.ChS.4.a
Develop and use systematic procedures for recording and organizing information
Element: S.ChS.4.b
Use technology to produce tables and graphs
Element: S.ChS.4.c
Use technology to develop, test, and revise experimental or mathematical models.

The student transfers usage skills of one type of software and hardware to another. (Software example might include transferring information between MovieMaker to iMovie. Hardware example might include using various devices that use the USB port.)

The student connects cables to peripheral devices. (Examples include headphones, printers, digital cameras, and scanner, projection device and other emerging technologies.)

The student uses technology to create, add, edit, and draw conclusions from information displayed in charts and graphs.

The student selects and uses technology tools for data collection, analysis, presentation, collaboration and/or creativity to solve problems and make decisions.

S.ChS.5 Science Inquiry: Research & Analysis
The learner will demonstrate the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and developing reasonable scientific explanations:
Element: S.ChS.5.a
Trace the source on any large disparity between estimated and calculated answers to problems
Element: S.ChS.5.b
Consider possible effects of measurement errors on calculations
Element: S.ChS.5.c
Recognize the relationship between accuracy and precision
Element: S.ChS.5.d
Express appropriate numbers of significant figures for calculated data, using scientific notation where appropriate
Element: S.ChS.5.e
Solve scientific problems by substituting quantitative values, using dimensional analysis and/or simple algebraic formulas as appropriate.

S.ChS.6 Science Inquiry: Reporting & Reference
The learner will communicate scientific investigations and information clearly:
Element: S.ChS.6.a
Write clear, coherent laboratory reports related to scientific investigations
Element: S.ChS.6.b
Write clear, coherent accounts of current scientific issues, including possible alternative interpretations of the data
Element: S.ChS.6.c
Use data as evidence to support scientific arguments and claims in written or oral presentations
Element: S.ChS.6.d
Participate in group discussions of scientific investigation and current scientific issues.

The student selects and uses appropriate software depending on the task. (Example might include selecting integrated software including word processing, spreadsheet, and database to create a comprehensive report or document.)

The student uses brainstorming/webbing software in planning, organizing, and prewriting.

The student uses a word processing application to create and edit a document that contains text (words, phrases, and sentences) and images

The student creates, modifies and edits documents using desktop publishing.

The student creates and enhances presentations and documents using appropriate elements and principals of design.

The student combines or transfers information from different applications to prepare and present information to solve content related problems. (Examples might include gathering data with a graphing calculator/probe to incorporate and manipulate in a spreadsheet or moving are created in a drawing program into a vector based program to add text.)

Strand: Charcteristics of Science -- The Nature of Science

S.ChS.7 Science Inquiry: System Analysis & Reference
The learner will analyze how scientific knowledge is developed. Learners will recognize that:
Element: S.ChS.7.a
The universe is a vast single system in which the basic principles are the same everywhere
Element: S.ChS.7.b
Universal principles are discovered through observation and experimental verification
Element: S.ChS.7.c
From time to time, major shifts occur in the scientific view of how the world works. More often, however, the changes that take place in the body of scientific knowledge are small modifications of prior knowledge. Major shifts in scientific views typically occur after the observation of a new phenomenon or an insightful interpretation of existing data by an individual or research group
Element: S.ChS.7.d
Hypotheses often cause scientists to develop new experiments that produce additional data
Element: S.ChS.7.e
Testing, revising, and occasionally rejecting new and old theories never ends.

The student creates, manages and utilizes information using spreadsheet tools and applications.

S.ChS.8 Science Inquiry: Science Processes
The learner will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. The learner will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
Element: S.ChS.8.a
Scientific investigators control the conditions of their experiments in order to produce valuable data
Element: S.ChS.8.b
Scientific researchers are expected to critically assess the quality of data including possible sources of bias in their investigations' hypotheses, observations, data analyses, and interpretation
Element: S.ChS.8.c
Scientists use practices such as peer review and publication to reinforce the integrity of scientific activity and reporting
Element: S.ChS.8.d
The merit of a new theory is judged by how well scientific data are explained by the new theory
Element: S.ChS.8.e
The ultimate goal of science is to develop an understanding of the natural universe which is free of biases
Element: S.ChS.8.f
Science disciplines and traditions differ from one another in what is studied, techniques used, and outcomes sought.

The student plans, creates, and analyzes simple multimedia products collaboratively combining visual elements, sounds, and words to communicate concepts.

The student uses search strategies and navigational skills to locate and retrieve information on approved CCSD online resources.

S.ChS.9 Reading in Science
The learner will enhance reading in science by:
Element: S.ChS.9.a
Reading in specific science areas: Read the appropriate fraction of the total minimum of 25 grade-level appropriate books (or equivalent science articles or essays) per year from the science disciplines and participate in discussions related to curricular learning in all areas; Read both informational and fictional texts in a variety of genres and modes of discourse appropriate to the science course; Read technical texts related to the science subject areas
Element: S.ChS.9.b
Discussing books: Discuss messages and themes from books within the science area; Respond to a variety of texts in multiple modes of discourse; Relate messages and themes from one subject area to messages and themes in another area; Evaluate the merit of texts within science discipline; Examine author's purpose in writing; Recognize the features of disciplinary texts
Element: S.ChS.9.c
Building vocabulary knowledge: Demonstrate an understanding of contextual vocabulary in science; Use content vocabulary in writing and speaking; Explore understanding of new words found in science
Element: S.ChS.9.d
Establishing context: Explore life experiences related to science content or characteristics of science; Discuss in both writing and speaking how certain words are subject area related; Determine strategies for finding content and contextual meaning for unknown words.

The student uses technology tools to research possible solutions to “real world” issues.

The student recognizes the appropriate use of Internet communication tools.

Strand: Chemistry

SC1 Nature of Matter
The learner will analyze the nature of matter and its classifications.
Element: SC1.a
Relate the role of nuclear fusion in producing essentially all elements heavier than hydrogen.
Element: SC1.b
The learner will identify substances based on chemical and physical properties.
Element: SC1.c
The learner will predict formulas for stable ionic compounds (binary and tertiary) based on balance of charges.
Element: SC1.d
The learner will use IUPAC nomenclature for transition between the chemical names and formulas of:
  • Ionic compounds (Binary and tertiary)
  • Covalent compounds (Binary and tertiary)
  • Acidic compounds (Binary and tertiary)

    SC2 Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry
    The learner will assess how the Law of Conservation of Matter is used to determine chemical composition in compounds and chemical reactions.
    Element: SC2.a
    The learner will identify and balance the following types of chemical equations:
  • Synthesis
  • Decomposition
  • Single Replacement
  • Double Replacement
  • Combustion
  • Element: SC2.b
    Experimentally determine indicators of a chemical reaction specifically precipitation, gas evolution, water production, and changes in energy to the system.
    Element: SC2.c
    The learner will apply concepts of the mole and Avogadro's number to conceptualize and calculate:
  • Empirical/molecular formulas
  • Mass, moles and molecules relationships
  • Molar volumes of gases
  • Element: SC2.d
    Identify and solve different types of stoichiometry problems, specifically relating mass to moles and mass to mass.
    Element: SC2.e
    Demonstrate the conceptual principle of limiting reactants.
    Element: SC2.f
    Explain the role of equilibrium in chemical reactions

    SC3 Atomic Theory
    The learner will evaluate the modern atomic theory.
    Element: SC3.a
    The learner will discriminate between the relative size, charge, and position of protons, neutrons, and electrons in the atom.
    Element: SC3.b
    The learner will use the orbital configuration of neutral atoms to explain its effect on the atom's chemical properties.
    Element: SC3.c
    The learner will explain the relationship of the proton number to the element's identity.
    Element: SC3.d
    The learner will relate the role of nuclear fusion in producing essentially all elements heavier that helium.
    Element: SC3.e
    The learner will explain the relationship of isotopes to the relative abundance of atoms of a particular element.
    Element: SC3.f
    The learner will compare and contrast types of chemical bonds (i.e. ionic, covalent).
    Element: SC3.g
    The learner will relate light emission and the movement of electrons to element identification.

    SC4 Periodic Table
    The learner will use the organization of the Periodic Table to predict properties of elements.
    Element: SC4.a
    The learner will use the Periodic Table to predict periodic trends including atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization energy, and electronegativity of various elements.
    Element: SC4.b
    The learner will compare and contrast trends in the chemical and physical properties of elements and their placement on the Periodic Table.

    SC5 Chemical Kinetics
    The learner will explain that the rate at which a chemical reaction occurs can be affected by changing concentration, temperature, or pressure and the addition of a catalyst.
    Element: SC5.a
    The learner will demonstrate the effects of changing concentration, temperature, and pressure on chemical reactions.
    Element: SC5.b
    The learner will investigate the effects of a catalyst on chemical reactions and apply it to everyday examples.

    SC6 Chemical Thermodynamics
    The learner will assess the motion and behavior of atoms and molecules in chemical and physical processes.
    Element: SC6.a
    The learner will compare and contrast atomic/molecular motion in solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas.
    Element: SC6.b
    The learner will collect data and calculate the amount of heat given off or taken in by chemical or physical processes.
    Element: SC6.c
    Analyzing (both conceptually and quantitatively) flow of energy during change of state (phase). Teacher note: The use of Gas Laws to achieve this standard is permissible, but not mandated.

    SC7 Solutions, Acids, & Bases
    The learner will evaluate properties that describe solutions and the behavior of acids and bases.
    Element: SC7.a
    The learner will explain solubility in terms of substances involved (i.e. solute, solvent) and the process of dissolving a solute by:
  • Observe factors that effect the rate at which a solute dissolves in a specific solvent
  • Express concentrations in molarity
  • Prepare and properly label solutions of specified molar concentration
  • Relate molality to colligative properties.
  • Element: SC7.b
    The learner will compare, contrast, and evaluate the nature and behavior of acids and bases in terms of:
  • Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry Acid/Bases
  • Strong vs weak acids/bases in terms of percent dissociation
  • Hydronium ion concentration
  • pH
  • Acid-Base neutralization

    SC8 Organic Chemistry
    The learner will compare and contrast simple organic structures and relate them to physical and biological systems and functions.
    Element: SC8.a
    The learner will use the structure of methane as a model structure to draw configurations of and name representative classes of organic compounds.
    Element: SC8.b
    The learner will compare and contrast the solubility of organic compounds with aqueous solutions, and explain the applications of organic compounds to modern industry (such as pharmaceuticals and plastic industries) and to biological systems.

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