### Accelerated Mathematics 3 Version: CPS 08-09

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Mathematics

#### Strand: Algebra

MA3A1
Students will explore rational functions.
Element: MA3A1.a.
Investigate and explain characteristics of rational functions, including domain, range, zeros, points of discontinuity, intervals of increase and decrease, rates of change, local and absolute extrema, symmetry, asymptotes, and end behavior.
Element: MA3A1.b.
Find inverses of rational functions, discussing domain and range, symmetry, and function composition.
Element: MA3A1.c.
Solve rational equations and inequalities analytically, graphically, and by using appropriate technology.

MA3A10
Students will understand and use vectors.
Element: MA3A10.a.
Represent vectors algebraically and geometrically.
Element: MA3A10.b.
Convert between vectors expressed using rectangular coordinates and vectors expressed using magnitude and direction.
Element: MA3A10.c.
Add and subtract vectors and compute scalar multiples of vectors.
Element: MA3A10.d.
Use vectors to solve realistic problems.

MA3A11
Students will use complex numbers in trigonometric form.
Element: MA3A11.a.
Represent complex numbers in trigonometric form.
Element: MA3A11.b.
Find products, quotients, powers, and roots of complex numbers in trigonometric form.

MA3A12
Students will explore parametric representations of plane curves.
Element: MA3A12.a.
Convert between Cartesian and parametric form.
Element: MA3A12.b.
Graph equations in parametric form showing direction and beginning and ending points where appropriate.

MA3A13
Students will explore polar equations.
Element: MA3A13.a.
Express coordinates of points in rectangular and polar form.
Element: MA3A13.b.
Graph and identify characteristics of simple polar equations including lines, circles, cardioids, lima?ons, and roses.

MA3A2
Students will use the circle to define the trigonometric functions.
Element: MA3A2.a.
Define and understand angles measured in degrees and radians, including but not limited to 0&#176, 30&#176, 45&#176, 60&#176, 90&#176, their multiples, and equivalences.
Element: MA3A2.b.
Understand and apply the six trigonometric functions as functions of general angles in standard position.
Element: MA3A2.c.
Find values of trigonometric functions using points on the terminal sides of angles in the standard position.
Element: MA3A2.d.
Understand and apply the six trigonometric functions as functions of arc length on the unit circle.
Element: MA3A2.e.
Find values of trigonometric functions using the unit circle.

MA3A3
Students will investigate and use the graphs of the six trigonometric functions.
Element: MA3A3.a.
Understand and apply the six basic trigonometric functions as functions of real numbers.
Element: MA3A3.b.
Determine the characteristics of the graphs of the six basic trigonometric functions.
Element: MA3A3.c.
Graph transformations of trigonometric functions including changing period, amplitude, phase shift, and vertical shift.
Element: MA3A3.d.
Apply graphs of trigonometric functions in realistic contexts involving periodic phenomena.

MA3A4
Students will investigate functions.
Element: MA3A4.a.
Compare and contrast properties of functions within and across the following types: linear, quadratic, polynomial, power, rational, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric, and piecewise.
Element: MA3A4.b.
Investigate transformations of functions.
Element: MA3A4.c.
Investigate characteristics of functions built through sum, difference, product, quotient, and composition.

MA3A5
Students will establish the identities below and use them to simplify trigonometric expressions and verify equivalence statements. tan &#952 = sin &#952 / cos &#952 cot &#952 = cos &#952 / sin &#952 sec &#952 = 1 / cos &#952 csc &#952 = 1 / sin &#952 sin&#178 &#952 + cos&#178 &#952 = 1 cot&#178 &#952 + 1 = csc&#178 &#952 sin(&#8733 &#177 &#946) = sin &#8733 cos&#946 &#177 cos &#8733 sin&#946 cos(&#8733 &#177 &#946) = cos &#8733 cos&#946 &#177 sin &#8733 sin&#946
sin(2&#952) = 2sin &#952 cos &#952 cos(2&#952) = cos&#178 &#952 - sin&#178 &#952

MA3A6
Students will solve trigonometric equations both graphically and algebraically.
Element: MA3A6.a.
Solve trigonometric equations over a variety of domains, using technology as appropriate.
Element: MA3A6.b.
Use the coordinates of a point on the terminal side of an angle to express x as r cos&#952 and y as r sin&#952.
Element: MA3A6.c.
Apply the law of sines and the law of cosines.

MA3A7
Students will verify and apply &#189ab sin C to find the area of a triangle.

MA3A8
Students will investigate and use inverse sine, inverse cosine, and inverse tangent functions.
Element: MA3A8.a.
Find values of the above functions using technology as appropriate.
Element: MA3A8.b.
Determine characteristics of the above functions and their graphs.

MA3A9
Students will use sequences and series.
Element: MA3A9.a.
Use and find recursive and explicit formulae for the terms of sequences.
Element: MA3A9.b.
Recognize and use simple arithmetic and geometric sequences.
Element: MA3A9.c.
Investigate limits of sequences.
Element: MA3A9.d.
Use mathematical induction to find and prove formulae for sums of finite series.
Element: MA3A9.e.
Find and apply the sums of finite and, where appropriate, infinite arithmetic and geometric series.
Element: MA3A9.f.
Use summation notation to explore series.
Element: MA3A9.g.
Determine geometric series and their limits.

#### Strand: Data Analysis and Probability

MA3D1
Using simulation, students will develop the idea of the central limit theorem.

MA3D2
Using student-generated data from random samples of at least 30 members, students will determine the margin of error and confidence interval for a specified level of confidence.

MA3D3
Students will use confidence intervals and margins of error to make inferences from data about a population. Technology is used to evaluate confidence intervals, but students will be aware of the ideas involved.

#### Strand: Process Standards

MA3P1
Students will solve problems (using appropriate technology).
Element: MA3P1.a.
Build new mathematical knowledge through problem solving.
Element: MA3P1.b.
Solve problems that arise in mathematics and in other contexts.
Element: MA3P1.c.
Apply and adapt a variety of appropriate strategies to solve problems.
Element: MA3P1.d.
Monitor and reflect on the process of mathematical problem solving.

MA3P2
Students will reason and evaluate mathematical arguments.
Element: MA3P2.a.
Recognize reasoning and proof as fundamental aspects of mathematics.
Element: MA3P2.b.
Make and investigate mathematical conjectures.
Element: MA3P2.c.
Develop and evaluate mathematical arguments and proofs.
Element: MA3P2.d.
Select and use various types of reasoning and methods of proof.

MA3P3
Students will communicate mathematically.
Element: MA3P3.a.
Organize and consolidate their mathematical thinking through communication.
Element: MA3P3.b.
Communicate their mathematical thinking coherently and clearly to peers, teachers, and others.
Element: MA3P3.c.
Analyze and evaluate the mathematical thinking and strategies of others.
Element: MA3P3.d.
Use the language of mathematics to express mathematical ideas precisely.

MA3P4
Students will make connections among mathematical ideas and to other disciplines.
Element: MA3P4.a.
Recognize and use connections among mathematical ideas.
Element: MA3P4.b.
Understand how mathematical ideas interconnect and build on one another to produce a coherent whole.
Element: MA3P4.c.
Recognize and apply mathematics in contexts outside of mathematics.

MA3P5
Students will represent mathematics in multiple ways.
Element: MA3P5.a.
Create and use representations to organize, record, and communicate mathematical ideas.
Element: MA3P5.b.
Select, apply, and translate among mathematical representations to solve problems.
Element: MA3P5.c.
Use representations to model and interpret physical, social, and mathematical phenomena.

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