Current Topics in Reading Version: 2009-2010

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Language Arts

Strand: Reading and Literature

The student demonstrates comprehension by identifying evidence (i.e., examples of diction, imagery, point of view, figurative language, symbolism, and plot) and applies comprehension strategies (i.e., author's purpose, main idea and detail, cause-and-effect, etc.) in a variety of texts representative of different genres (i.e., poetry, prose [short story, novel, essay, editorial, biography], and drama) and using this evidence as the basis for interpretation. The student uses a variety of strategies to comprehend a variety of texts representative of a variety of genres. The student:
Element: ELACTRL1a
Analyzes the author's prupose and/or point of view in a text and understands how they affect meaning
Element: ELACTRL1b
Determines the main idea or essential meaning in grade-level or higher texts
Element: ELACTRL1c
Identifies cause-and-effect relationships in text
Element: ELACTRL1d
Analyzes a variety of text structures (e.g., comparison/contrast, cause/effect, chronological order, argument/support, fact/opinion) and text features (main headings with subheadings)

ELACTRL1 Fiction
The student identifies, analyzes and applies knowledge of the structures and elements of fiction and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
Element: ELACTRL1a
Locates and analyzes such elements in fiction as language (i.e., diction, imagery, symbolism, figuraive language), character development, setting and mood, point of view, foreshadowing, and irony.
Element: ELACTRL1b
Identifies and analyzes patterns of imagery and symbolism.
Element: ELACTRL1c
Relates identified elements in fiction to theme or underlying meaning.

ELACTRL1 Nonfiction/Informational
The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the purpose and elements of nonfiction and/or informational materials and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
Element: ELACTRL1a
Analyzes and applies knowledge of the characteristics of memoir, biography, and/or autobiography.
Element: ELACTRL1b
Analyzes and explains the purpose, structure, and elements of nonfiction works including memoir, biography, and autobiography.
Element: ELACTRL1c
Analyzes and evaluates the effects of language (i.e., diction, imagery, symbolism, and figurative language), structure, point of view, and selection of details in memoir, biography, and/or autobiography.

The student identifies and responds to differences in style and subject matter in poems by a variety of poets; the student:
Element: ELACTRL1a
Identifies the aesthetic effects of subject matter (i.e., topic, theme), sound devices (i.e., alliteration, onomatopoeia, rhyme scheme), and figurative language (i.e., personification, metaphor, simile, hyperbole);
Element: ELACTRL1b
Responds to the above

ELACTRL1 Dramatic Literature
The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of the themes, structures, and elements of dramatic literature and provides evidence from the text to support understanding; the student:
Element: ELACTRL1a
Identifies and analyzes types of dramatic literature.
Element: ELACTRL1b
Analyzes the characters, structures, and themes of dramatic literature.
Element: ELACTRL1c
Identifies and analyzes dramatic elements (i.e., exposition, rising action, climax, dialogue, monologue, dramatic irony).

The student identifies, analyzes, and applies knowledge of theme in literary works from various genres and provides evidence from the works to support understanding. The student:
Element: ELACTRL2a
Applies knowledge of the concept that the theme or meaning of a selection represents a universal view or comment on life or society and provides support from the text for the identified theme.
Element: ELACTRL2b
Applies knowledge of the concept that a text can contain more than one theme.

The student deepens understanding of literary works relating them to contemporary context or historical background. The student:
Element: ELACTRL3a
Relates a literary work to non-literary documents and/or other texts from its literary period.
Element: ELACTRL3b
Relates a literary work to non-literary documents and/or other texts relevant to its historical setting.

The student employs a variety of writing genres to demonstrate a comprehensive grasp of significant ideas in selected literary works. The student composes essays, narratives, poems, or technical documents. The student:
Element: ELACTRL4a
Demonstrates understanding of significant themes in specific literary works.
Element: ELACTRL4b
Supports important ideas and viewpoints through real life experiences and/or textual evidence.

The student understands and acquires new vocabulary and uses it correctly in reading and writing. The student:
Element: ELACTRL5a
Identifies and correctly uses idioms and words with literal and figurative meanings
Element: ELACTRL5b
Uses knowledge of Greek and Latin prefixes, suffixes, and roots to understand the meanings of new words
Element: ELACTRL5c
Uses general dictionaries, specialized dictionaries, thesauruses, or related references as needed to increase learning.

Strand: Reading Across the Curriculum

The student reads a minimum of 25 grade-level appropriate books or book equivalent (approximately 1,000,000 words) per year from variety of subject disciplines. The student reads both informational and fictional texts in a variety of genres and modes of discourse, including technical texts related to various subject areas.

The student participates in discussions related to curricular learning in all subject areas. The student:
Element: ELACTRC2a
Identifies messages and themes from books in all subject areas.
Element: ELACTRC2b
Responds to a variety of texts in multiple modes of discourse.
Element: ELACTRC2c
Examines the author's purpose in writing.
Element: ELACTRC2d
Recognizes the features of disciplinary texts.

The student acquires new vocabulary in each content area and uses it correctly. The student:
Element: ELACTRC3a
Identifies and manipulates the sounds of speech
Element: ELACTRC3b
Decodes words using knowledge of phonics, syllabication and word parts
Element: ELACTRC3c
Acquires and uses new vocabulary in relevant context (i.e., determines meaning using linguistic roots and affixes, infers word meaning in context)
Element: ELACTRC3d
Demonstrates an understanding of contextual vocabulary in various subjects
Element: ELACTRC3e
Uses content vocabulary in writing and speaking
Element: ELACTRC3f
Explores understanding of new words found in subject area texts

The student establishes a context for information acquired by reading across subject areas. The student:
Element: ELACTRC4a
Distinguishes facts from opinions in expository selections such as editorials, newspaper articles, essays.
Element: ELACTRC4b
Locates specific information by using organizational features (i.e., tables of contents, headings, captions bold italics, glossaries, indices, key/guide words, topic sentences, concluding sentences, end notes, footnotes, and bibiographies)
Element: ELACTRC4c
Organizes information by taking notes, outlining ideas, paraphrasing information, and making charts, conceptual maps, learning logs, and/or timelines
Element: ELACTRC4d
Interpret graphic sources of information (e.g., charts, maps, diagrams, illustrations, tables, timelines, graphs) to support ideas

Strand: Writing

The student produces writing that establishes an appropriate organizational structure, sets a context and engages the reader, maintains a coherent focus throughout, and signals closure. The student:
Element: ELACTW1a
Establishes a clear, distinctive, and coherent thesis or perspective and maintains a consistent tone and focus throughout.
Element: ELACTW1b
Selects a focus, structure, and point of view relevant to the purpose, genre expectations, audience, length, and format requirements.
Element: ELACTW1c
Constructs arguable topic sentences, when applicable, to guide unified paragraphs.
Element: ELACTW1d
Uses precise language, action verbs, sensory details, appropriate modifiers, and active rather than passive voice.
Element: ELACTW1e
Writes texts of a length appropriate to address the topic or tell the story.
Element: ELACTW1f
Uses traditional structures for conveying information (i.e., chronological order, cause and effect, similarity and difference, and posing and answering a question).
Element: ELACTW1g
Supports statements and claims with anecdotes, descriptions, facts and statistics, and specific examples.

The student demonstrates compentence in a variety of genres. The student produces narrative writing and applies polished narrative strategies acquired in grades 6-8 to other genres of writing such as reflective compositions, historical investigative reports, and literary analyses, by raising the level of critical thinking skills and rhetorical techniques.

ELACTW2 Expository (Informational) Writing
The student demonstrates competence in a variety of genres. The student produces expository (informational) writing to convey information and ideas accurately and coherently; the student:
Element: ELACTW2a
Engages the interest of the reader.
Element: ELACTW2b
Formulates a coherent thesis or controlling idea.
Element: ELACTW2c
Coherently develops the controlling idea and/or supports the thesis by incoporating evidence.
Element: ELACTW2d
Follows an organizational pattern appropriate to the type of composition.
Element: ELACTW2e
Attains closure (i.e., by including a detailed summary of the main points, restating the thesis, generalizing the thesis or controlling idea for additional purposes, or employing a significant quotation that brings the argument in the composition together).

ELACTW2 Persuasive Writing
The student demonstrates competence in a variety of genres. The student produces persuasive writing that applies persuasive strategies acquired in previous grades to other genres of writing such as expository compositions, historical investigative reports, and literary analyses, by raising the level of critical thinking skills and rhetorical techniques.

ELACTW2 Technical Writing
The student demonstrates competence in a variety of genres. The student produces technical writing that reports technical information and/or conveys ideas clearly, logically, and purposefully to a particular audience; the student:
Element: ELACTW2a Technical Writing
Engages the interest of the reader.
Element: ELACTW2b Technical Writing
Provides clear and purposeful information logically and correctly in order to address an intended audience appropriately.
Element: ELACTW2c Technical Writing
Uses appropriate vocabulary, tone, and style to take into account the nature of the relationship with, and the knowledge and interests of, the recipients.
Element: ELACTW2d Technical Writing
Uses varied levels, patterns, and types of language to achieve intended effects and aid comprehension.
Element: ELACTW2e Technical Writing
Provides detailed and accurate information or specifications to anticipate readers' problems, mistakes, and misunderstandings.
Element: ELACTW2f Technical Writing
Follows style conventions for specific types of documents (i.e., surveys or questionnaires, technical reports, research studies, proposals)
Element: ELACTW2g Technical Writing
Provides closure.

The student uses research and technology to support writing. The student:
Element: ELACTW3a
Formulates clear research questions and utilizes appropriate research venues (i.e., library, electronic media, personal interview, survey) to locate and incorporate evidence.
Element: ELACTW3b
Uses supporting evidence to develop the main ideas within the body of an essay, composition, or technical document.
Element: ELACTW3c
Synthesizes information and identifies complexities and discrepancies in the information and the different perspectives found in each medium (i.e., almanacs, microfiche, news sources, in-depth field studies, speeches, journals, or technical documents).
Element: ELACTW3d
Integrates quotations and citations into a written text while maintaining the flow of ideas.
Element: ELACTW3e
Designs and publishes documents, brochures, travel guides, etc.

The student practices both timed and process writing and, when applicable, uses the writing process to develop, revise, and evaluate writing. The student:
Element: ELACTW4a
Plans and drafts with guided directions.
Element: ELACTW4b
Revises writing to improve the logical organization.
Element: ELACTW4c
Revises writing for specific audiences, purposes, and formality of the contexts.
Element: ELACTW4d
Revises writing to sharpen the word choice and mechanics.
Element: ELACTW4e
Edits writing to improve word choice, grammar, punctuation, etc.
Element: ELACTW4f
Uses manuscript form to complete final copy.

Strand: Conventions

The student demonstrates understanding and control of the rules of the English language, realizing that usage involves the appropriate application of conventions and grammar in both written and spoken formats. The student:
Element: ELACTC1a
Demonstrates an understanding of proper English usage and control of grammar, sentence and paragraph structure, diction, and syntax.
Element: ELACTC1b
Correctly uses clauses (e.g., main and subordinate) and mechanics of punctuation (e.g., end marks, commas, semicolons, and quotation marks).
Element: ELACTC1c
Demonstrates an understanding of sentence construction (e.g., subordination, proper placement of modifiers) and proper English usage (e.g., consistency of verb tenses).

ELACTC2 Manuscript Form
The student demonstrates understanding of manuscript form, realizing that different forms of writing require different formats. The student:
Element: ELACTC2a
Produces writing that conforms to appropriate manuscript requirements.
Element: ELACTC2b
Produces legible work that shows accurate spelling and correct use of the conventions of punctuation and capitalization.
Element: ELACTC2c
Reflects appropriate format requirements, including pagination, spacing, and margins.

Strand: Listening, Speaking and Viewing

The student reads aloud fluently from a variety of genres with accuracy, automaticity (speed), and prosody (expression). The student:
Element: ELACTLSV1a
Pronunciates words/word parts correctly.
Element: ELACTLSV1b
Emphasizes correct syllables.
Element: ELACTLSV1c
Recognizes and uses correct punctuation.
Element: ELACTLSV1d
Employs natural phrasing, or grouping of words together.
Element: ELACTLSV1e
Increases his/her reading rate: words correct per minute (wcpm).
Element: ELACTLSV1f
Adjusts his/her reading rate to match style of the text.
Element: ELACTLSV1g
Demonstrates proper expression using appropriate tones and pauses.

The student formulates reasoned judgments about written and oral communication in various media genres. The student deliver focused, coherent, and polished presentations that convey a clear and distinct perspective, demonstrate solid reasoning, and combine traditional rhetorical strategies of narration, exposition, persuasion, and description. When responding to written and oral texts and media (i.e., television, radio, film productions, and electronic media), the student:
Element: ELACTLSV2a
Assess the ways language and delivery affect the mood and tone of the oral communication and impact the audience.
Element: ELACTLSV2b
Analyzes the types of arguments used by the speaker, including argument by authority, emotion, and logic.
Element: ELACTLSV2c
Formulates judgments about ideas under discussion and supports those judgments with convincing evidence.
Element: ELACTLSV2d
Compares and contrasts the ways in which media genres (i.e., televised news, news magazines, documentaries, online information) cover the same event.
Element: ELACTLSV2e
Creates an appropriate scoring guide to prepare, improve, and assess presentations.
Element: ELACTLSV2f
Develops and applies criteria for assessing the effectiveness of the presentation, style, and content of films and other forms of electronic communication.
Element: ELACTLSV2g
Identifies the aesthetic effects of a media presentation (i.e., layout, lighting, color, camera angles, background, etc.)
Element: ELACTLSV2h
Identifies differences between the voice, tone, and diction used in media presentations (i.e., documentary films, news broadcasts, taped interviews) and informal speech.

When delivering and responding to presentations, the student:
Element: ELACTLSV2a
Delivers narrative, expository, or persuasive presentations that incoporate the same elements found in that mode or genre of writing.
Element: ELACTLSV2b
Applies appropriate interviewing techniques(i.e., prepares and asks relevant questions; makes notes of responses; uses language that conveys maturity, sensitivity and respect; responds correctly and effectively to questions).
Element: ELACTLSV2c
Delivers oral responses to literature that incorporate the same elements found in written literary analysis.
Element: ELACTLSV2d
Uses props, visual aids, graphs, or electronic media to enhance the appeal and accuracy of presentations.

The student participates in student-to-teacher, student-to-student, and group verbal interactions. The student:
Element: ELACTLSV3a
Initiates new topics and responds to adult-initiated topics.
Element: ELACTLSV3b
Asks relevant questions.
Element: ELACTLSV3c
Responds to questions with appropriate information.
Element: ELACTLSV3d
Actively solicits another person's comments or opinions.
Element: ELACTLSV3e
Offers own opinion forcefully without domineering.
Element: ELACTLSV3f
Volunteers contributions and responds when directly solicited by teacher or discussion leader.
Element: ELACTLSV3g
Gives reasons in support of opinions expressed.
Element: ELACTLSV3h
Clarifies, illustrates, or expands on a response when asked to do so; asks classmates for similar expansions.
Element: ELACTLSV3i
Employs group decision-making techniques such as brainstorming, or a problem-solving sequence (i.e., recognizes problem, defines problem, identifies possible solutions, selects optimal solution, implements solution, evaluates solution).
Element: ELACTLSV3j
Divides labor to achieve the overall group goal efficiently.

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