Unit Outlines Standards

ELA Grade 9: Version: CPS05-06

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Unit Name: 01 - Fiction: Short Stories

Essential Question

How does a short story shape my opinion on society? Why should I read fiction? How do writers use literary elements to create a short story? How does literature relate to the decisions I make in my life? How does our reading inform and shape our understanding of the world in which we live? How can talking about our ideas clarify our thinking? How can reading make us better writers?

Topic 1


  • Understand the structure of a literary work
  • Topic 1 Standards and Elements

    ELA10LSV1 Verbal Interactions
    ELA9RL1 Comprehension/Fiction
    ELA9RL5 Vocabulary

    Topic 2

    Literary Elements

  • Understand the meaning of a literary work
  • Locates and analyzes fiction elements
  • Identifies and analyzes patterns of imagery or symbolism
  • Relates elements in fiction to theme
  • Topic 2 Standards and Elements

    ELA9LSV1 Verbal Interaction
    ELA9RL2 Theme
    ELA9RL5 Vocabulary

    Topic 3


  • Deepen understanding of literary works by relating them to contemporary context or history
  • Author background
  • Time period/influence
  • Topic 3 Standards and Elements

    ELA9LSV1 Verbal Interaction
    ELA9RL3 Contemporary Context or Historical Background
    ELA9RL5 Vocabulary

    Topic 4


  • Variety of writing genres to demonstrate comprehensive grasp of significant ideas in literary works
  • Essays, narratives, poems or technical documents
  • Understand themes
  • Support ideas with references or allusions to text
  • Topic 4 Standards and Elements

    ELA9RL4 Writing a Variety of Genres

    Unit Vocabulary

    • plot
    • exposition
    • rising action
    • climax
    • falling action
    • resolution, denouement
    • setting
    • protagonist
    • antagonist
    • genre
    • fiction
    • short story
    • round character
    • flat character
    • dynamic character
    • static character
    • indirect characterization
    • mood/tone
    • situational irony
    • verbal irony
    • dramatic irony
    • foreshadowing
    • point of view (first, limited, omniscient)
    • symbolism
    • imagery
    • direct characterization
    • stereotype
    • theme
    • topic sentence
    • supporting detail
    • thesis statement

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