Unit Outlines Standards

Science: Biology Version: 05-06

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Unit Name: Unit 01 Cells

Essential Question

  • How can you determine if something is living?
  • How do enzymes function as catalysts?
  • How do the four major macromolecules support life?
  • How is water essential to life processes?
  • How do cells maintain homeostasis?
  • How do the organelles function together to sustain life?
  • How are the photosynthesis and cellular respiration interdependent?

  • Topic 1

    Characteristics of Life

  • Compare and contrast nonliving entities with living organisms
  • Describe how organisms maintain homeostasis
  • Topic 1 Vocabulary

    • cell
    • homeostasis
    • reproduction
    • evolution/adaptation
    • response to stimuli
    • energy
    • growth and development
    • virus
    • unicellular
    • multicellular
    • Advanced Vocabulary:
    • organization
    • Teachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 1 Standards and Elements

    SB1 Relationships

    Topic 2


  • Explain how enzymes function as catalysts.
  • Identify the function of the four major macromolecules.
  • Explain the importance of the properties of water on living organisms (i.e. polarity, cohesion, adhesion, etc.).
  • Topic 2 Vocabulary

    • carbohydrate
    • lipid
    • protein
    • nucleic acid
    • enzyme
    • catalyst
    • substrate
    • activation energy
    • amino acid
    • monomer
    • polymer
    • polar
    • nonpolar
    • acid
    • base
    • Advanced Vocabulary:
    • monosaccharide
    • polysaccharide
    • active site
    • hydrogen bonding
    • saturated fat
    • unsaturated fat
    • Teachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 2 Standards and Elements


    Topic 3

    Organelles/Cell Transport

  • Compare and contrast prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
  • Explain the role of the cell organelles.
  • Analyze the role of the cell membrane in transport of substances (passive transport-diffusion, osmosis; active transport).
  • Predict and identify the effect on a cell when placed in hypertonic, hypotonic, and isotonic solutions.
  • Topic 3 Vocabulary

    • prokaryote
    • eukaryote
    • organelle
    • phopholipid bilayer
    • selectively-permeable
    • passive transport
    • active transport
    • Advanced Vocabulary:
    • diffusion
    • osmosis
    • facilitated diffusion
    • endoyctosis
    • exocytosis
    • hypotonic
    • hypertonic
    • isotonic
    • dynamic equilibrium
    • Teachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 3 Standards and Elements


    Topic 4

    Cellular Energy

  • Differentiate between the processes of photosynthesis and cell respiration.
  • Explain the cycling of energy in organisms using the equations of photosynthesis and cell respiration.
  • Topic 4 Vocabulary

    • reactant
    • product
    • photosynthesis
    • glucose
    • cellular respiration
    • adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
    • chloroplast
    • chlorophyll
    • mitochondrion
    • aerobic
    • anaerobic
    • fermentation
    • Advanced vocabulary:
    • thylakoid
    • granum
    • stroma
    • light-dependent
    • light-independent
    • Calvin cycle
    • glycolysis
    • Krebs cycle
    • electron transport chain
    • Teachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 4 Standards and Elements


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