Curriculum

Unit Outlines Standards

U.S. History Version: CPS08-09

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Unit Name: 01 - Colonial Era (2 weeks traditional or 1 week block)

Essential Question

Elaborated Unit Focus: This unit is centered on the development of the English colonies in America. It traces the evolution of the economies, governments, social structures, relations with Native Americans, and introduction of slavery within the three colonial regions. The role of religion is examined through an examination of the Great Awakening. Benjamin Franklin is used as an example of how America presented opportunities, regardless of birth, for individual advancement.

Enduring Understanding

The movement of people, ideas, and goods has a profound influence on a society.

  • How did the arrival of European settlers on the east coast of North America impact the Native Americans?
  • What was the impact of slavery on the development of Colonial America?
  • How did American colonies become wealthy in the later colonial period?
  • Colonies frequently develop a different social and political system from their mother country.

  • How was each colonial region a reflection of its colonists?
  • How have the colonial ideas of civil liberties and rights changed over time?
  • Nations build upon compromise and conflict.

  • Why was America's idea of representative government different from the English idea?
  • Democracies build upon the ideas of individualism and reform.

  • How did religion play a role in creating the American character?
  • Why was Benjamin Franklin an example of social mobility and individualism?
  • How was the Great Awakening more than a revival?
  • Topic 1

    Movement

  • Colonization
  • Physical Migration (free and forced)
  • Importing of Intellectual Ideals
  • Topic 1 Vocabulary

    • push and pull factors
    • Quakers
    • indentured servants
    • Middle Passage
    • Olaudah Equiano
    • triangular trade
    • Phillis Wheatley

    Topic 1 Standards and Elements


    SSUSH1.a
    SSUSH1.b
    SSUSH1.d
    SSUSH2.a
    SSUSH2.b

    Topic 2

    Social and Political Interactions

  • Colonial Governments
  • Social Mobility
  • Topic 2 Vocabulary

    • staple crop
    • cash crop
    • dame schools

    Topic 2 Standards and Elements


    SSUSH1
    SSUSH1.a
    SSUSH1.b
    SSUSH1.c
    SSUSH1.d

    Topic 3

    Conflict and Compromise

  • European/Native American conflict
  • Colonial conflict with royal government
  • Conflict among colonists
  • Topic 3 Vocabulary

    • Puritans
    • Separatists
    • Pilgrims
    • Mayflower Compact
    • John Winthrop
    • Massachusetts Bay Colony
    • Roger Williams
    • Anne Hutchinson
    • Salem Witch Trials
    • William Bradford
    • Pequot War
    • King Philip's War
    • Pocahontas
    • Sir Walter Raleigh
    • charter
    • joint-stock company
    • Roanoke
    • Powhatan
    • John Smith
    • House of Burgesses
    • royal colonies
    • proprietary colonies
    • Bacon's Rebellion Lord Baltimor
    • Maryland Toleration Act
    • James Oglethorpe

    Topic 3 Standards and Elements


    SSUSH1.a
    SSUSH1.b

    Topic 4

    Ideas and Beliefs

  • Great Awakening
  • Individualism
  • Topic 4 Vocabulary

    • Parliament
    • salutary neglect
    • Enlightenment mercantilism
    • Magna Carta
    • English Bill of Rights
    • Navigation Acts
    • George Whitfield

    Topic 4 Standards and Elements


    SSUSH1.b
    SSUSH2.c
    SSUSH2.d

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