Abbreviations, Acronyms and Terminology

Use this alphabetical guide to understand common abbreviations, acronyms and terminology referred to by the Cobb County School District.

Click any letter to advance:     A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W- Z

A nationally-recognized, standardized assessment taken by students as a precursor to college/university admission. Formerly an acronym for American College Testing.

Advanced Learning Programs. Programs such as Advanced Placement, Governor's Honors and Gifted Services that challenge academically gifted and highly able learners with more rigorous and accelerated curricula.

Advanced Placement. AP courses provide high school students a college-level academic experience. The College Board partners with colleges and universities to develop an appropriately challenging curriculum, to create college-level assessments, and to train teachers to deliver instruction that meets college-level standards.

Advancement Via Individual Determination. A college readiness system for elementary through higher education designed to increase schoolwide learning and performance.

Adequate Yearly Progress. A former measure under the No Child Left Behind of 2001 (NCLB) used to gauge yearly progress of student subgroups toward meeting 100 proficiency in reading and mathematics. In spring 2012, Georgia was one of 10 states granted waivers from NCLB; the state implemented the College and Career Ready Performance Index (CCRPI) as its new accountability system.

Behavior Disorder.

Building Leadership Team.

Board of Education. A body of elected officials responsible for education policy and accountability.

Curriculum, Instruction and Assessment. District administrative office that supports teaching and learning.

Cobb County Board of Education.

Common Core Georgia Performance Standards. A set of rigorous, globally-benchmarked curriculum standards adopted by the Georgia Department of Education.

College and Career Ready Performance Index. The new Georgia Department of Education accountability system that replaces the federal Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) measure. CCRPI goes beyond a single set of test results, rating schools for student achievement, academic progress over time and for closing the achievement gap for specific student groups.

Cobb County School District.

Commercial Driver's License.

Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1985. Gives workers and their families who lose their health benefits the right to choose to continue group health benefits provided by their group health plan for limited periods of time under certain circumstances, such as voluntary or involuntary job loss, reduction in the hours worked, transition between jobs, death, divorce, and other life events.

Cognitive Abilities Test.

Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests. State-mandated achievement tests for students in grades 1 through 8. The CRCTs cover the content areas of reading, English/language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies.

Career, Technology and Agricultural Education. CTAE offers middle and high school students opportunities to explore career pathways.

Cobb Teaching and Learning System. A portal supported by the CCSD Academic Division to enhance the efforts of schools to enable student success.

Cobb Student Information System. A software application developed to manage student data. See SIS.

Cobb Virtual Academy. An online learning program operated by the Cobb County School District.

Department of Education.

Early Interventional Program. Early intervention for struggling learners.

English Language Arts.

English Language Learner. Student whose first language is one other than English.

End-of-Course Tests. Assessments mandated by the Georgia Department of Education that gauge student achievement in core courses. Results are used to provide diagnostic data to improve student achievement.

Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The federal law passed in 1965 affecting K-12 education in the United States. When the ESEA of 1965 was reauthorized and amended in 2002, it was renamed the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. In 2009, the program was again referenced as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

English for Speakers of Other Languages. A program to support instruction for students who are learning English as a new language.

Every Student Succeeds Act.

Full Academic Year.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act: The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) (20 U.S.C. § 1232g; 34 CFR Part 99) is a Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records. The law applies to all schools that receive funds under an applicable program of the U.S. Department of Education.

Free and Reduced-price Lunch. See National School Lunch Program (NSLP).

Food and Nutrition Services.

Fiscal Year. The District's fiscal calendar runs from July 1 through June 30.

Georgia Department of Education.

Georgia High School Graduation Test.

Georgia High School Writing Assessment.

Governor’s Office of Student Achievement. A state agency that provides education policy support for the Governor of Georgia, including data analysis and presentation. Responsible for the annual accountability 'report cards' for each Georgia school and system. Formerly the Office of Education Accountability.

Give Our Schools A Hand. The name for the Cobb Chamber of Commerce teacher recognition program.

International Baccalaureate. A non-profit organization that offers schools a rich, supplemental curriculum with an international social studies focus. Schools that meet specific authorization criteria can become 'IB World Schools.'

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This federal law, reauthorized in 2004, is designed to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free and appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living.

Investing in Educational Excellence: Under the IE² option, a local district has a performance contract with the State Board of Education (SBOE) granting the district freedom from specific Title 20 provisions, SBOE rules, and Georgia Department of Education (GaDOE) guidelines. Please note that House Bill 502, that went into effect on July 1, 2015, provided that districts under the previous IE² flexibility option will henceforth be known as Strategic Waivers School Systems (SWSS).

Intensive English Language. A program to meet the needs of English language learners new to the United States.

Individualized Education Plan. A modified learning plan for students with special needs.

Iowa Tests of Basic Skills. A national, norm-referenced assessment administered to third, fifth and seventh graders. The ITBS allows the District to compare the performance of its students to that of other students across the nation who took the same test at the same time of year.

Leadership and Learning.

Least Restrictive Environment. The District is required by law to serve special education students in the least restrictive environment.

Magnet Program
Specialized learning program that allows students to pursue their interests, develop their talents, and extend their competencies beyond the usual scope of high school.

No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. The 2002 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), which expanded the federal role in public education through annual testing, annual academic accountability requirements, report cards, teacher qualifications, and funding changes.

National School Board Association

National School Lunch Program. A federally assisted meal program operating in public and nonprofit private schools and residential child care institutions. It provides nutritionally balanced, low-cost or free lunches to children each school day. The program was established under the National School Lunch Act, signed by President Harry Truman in 1946.

Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers.

Positive Behavior Intervention and Support. Positive Behavior Intervention and Support programs are a way to impact school learning environments by establishing and reinforcing clear behavioral expectations in order to support high student performance and to reduce behavioral problems.

Performance Evaluation Instrument. Criteria and method for evaluation of administrator performance.

An online portal of the CCSD website offering curriculum information and instructional resources for parents/guardians and educators.

Performance Learning Center. In partnership with dropout prevention organization Communities In Schools, the Cobb PLC provides academic and social support for students who are not succeeding in a traditional high school setting. The center helps students recover credits for graduation, connects them with community mentors and promotes development of work-ready skills and behaviors.

Preliminary SAT/National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. A practice test for the SAT which also serves to qualify students for National Merit Scholarships. Some schools use the PSAT/NMSQT as a diagnostic tool to identify areas where students may need additional assistance or placement in more rigorous courses.

Georgia Professional Standards Commission. A state agency that sets and applies guidelines for the preparation, certification, and continued licensing of public educators.

Response to Intervention. Strategic use of research-based interventions for at-risk students.

Regional Educational Service Agency. 16 regional educational service agencies throughout Georgia established to help school systems share services and information regarding educational efficacy.

A nationally-recognized, standardized assessment taken by students as a precursor to college/university admission. Formerly an acronym for Scholastic Aptitude Test, then the Scholastic Assessment Test.

Georgia Student Health and Physical Education Program. A a network of partners, agencies and athletic teams committed to improving the health of Georgia youth by offering assistance and opportunity to achieve a greater level of overall fitness.

Student Information System. A software application developed to manage student data. Also internally referred to as CSIS.

Special Purpose Local Option Sales Tax.

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.

Science, Technology, Engineering, Arts and Mathematics.

Strategic Waiver School System: A Strategic Waiver School System (SWSS) is a local school district that operates under the terms of an SWSS contract between the State Board of Education and the local Board of Education. The system receives flexibility in the form of waivers of certain state laws, rules and guidelines in exchange for greater accountability for increased student performance.

Part of the District's student information system that offers parents/guardians secure access to student grades and records.

Technology Integration Specialist. CCSD employees that work with schools on effective ways to integrate technology in the classroom.

Title I
The section of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act which provides services to schools based on student economic needs Funding is based on the number of students eligible for the National School Lunch Program.

Title II
The section of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that authorizes provision of federal grants for recruiting, training and preparation of teachers.

Title III
The section of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act that provides funding and addresses English language acquisition and standards and accountability requirements for limited English proficient students.

Title IX
Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 bans sex discrimination in schools receiving federal funds, whether it is in academics or athletics.

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