Psychology Version: CPS 2010-2011

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Social Studies

Strand: Psychology Foundations and Research

The student will explain selected historical and contemporary perspectives and practices of psychologists.
Element: SSPFR1.a
Define the field of psychology.
Element: SSPFR1.b
Identify key figures in the history of the field of psychology and their major contributions; include Wundt, Freud, Skinner, James, Watson and Rogers.
Element: SSPFR1.c
List and describe the major occupations and subfields of psychology.

The student will explain the research methods and the types of statistics used in the field of psychology.
Element: SSPFR2.a
Explain how psychologist conduct research to describe, explain, predict, and control behavior.
Element: SSPFR2.b
Describe the types of research methods used by psychologists; include experiment, survey, case study, and observation.
Element: SSPFR2.c
Identify the basic elements of an experiment; include independent and dependent variables, types of experimental control ( blind/double-blind procedures, placebo controls).
Element: SSPFR2.d
Explain the differences between a correlation and an experiment.
Element: SSPFR2.e
Classify the types and uses of statistics in psychological research; include descriptive statitics and inferential statistics.
Element: SSPFR2.f
Interpret graphic data representations.
Element: SSPFR2.g
Explain ethical issues in psychological research.

Strand: Biological Foundations

The student will explain the development, structure, and function of biological systems and their role in behavior, cognition, and emotion.
Element: SSPBF1.a
Discuss the major divisions and sub-divisions of the nervous system and their role in behavior; include central (braine and spinal cord) and peripheral [autonomic (sympathetic and parasympathetic) and somatic}.
Element: SSPBF1.b
Identify the components and function of a neuron.
Element: SSPBF1.c
Explain the process of neurotransmission; include action potentials and synaptic transmission.
Element: SSPBF1.d
Identify the major structures and functions of the brain.
Element: SSPBF1.e
Describe the methods used to analyze neural form and function; include the MRI, fMRI, PET, CAT, and EEG.
Element: SSPBF1.f
Examine the role of genetics in the development of behaviors.
Element: SSPBF1.f
Examine the role of genetics in the development of behaviors.

The student will compare different states of consciousness.
Element: SSPBF2.a
Describe the sleep cycle and circadian rhythm.
Element: SSPBF2.b
Explain why we sleep and dream.
Element: SSPBF2.c
Investigate the validity of hypnosis as a state of consciousness.
Element: SSPBF2.d
Analyze the physical and psychological issues associated with addiction.
Element: SSPBF2.e
Explain how the major drug classes (stimulants, depressants, and hallucinogens)affect neurotransmission and behaviors.

The student will discuss the components of stress.
Element: SSPBF3.a
Categorize and explain the different physiological and psychological reactions to stress.
Element: SSPBF3.b
Identify strategies to deal with stress that promote health; include coping strategies and behavioral modification.

The student will describe how the physical world is translated into a psychological experience.
Element: SSPBF4.a
Describe the basic structures of the eye and ear, the associated neural pathways, and the process of sensory transduction.
Element: SSPBF4.b
Recognize causes which lead to hearing and vision deficits: include environmental causes, aging, genetics, diet, disease, and trauma.
Element: SSPBF4.c
Describe the major theories associated with visual and auditory sensation and perception; include opponent process theory, trichromatic theory of vision, frequency theory, volley theory, and place theory of hearing.
Element: SSPBF4.d
Analyze different perceptual illusions and describe why illusions are important for our understanding of perception.
Element: SSPBF4.e
Compare top-down and bottom-up processing.

The student will identify major theories and concepts related to motivation and emotion.
Element: SSPBF5.a
Compare and contrast the biological, cognitive/learning, and humanistic perspectives of motivation.
Element: SSPBF5.b
Compare and contrast theories of emotion; include James-Lange, Cannon-Bard, and Singer-Schacter's Two Factor:

Strand: Change in Behavior and Cognition

The student will identify the characteristics of and major approaches to learning.
Element: SSPBC1.a
Identify learning as a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience.
Element: SSPBC1.b
Explain the behavioral approach to learning.
Element: SSPBC1.c
Compare and contrast the paradigms of classical and operant conditioning.
Element: SSPBC1.d
Describe changes in behavior using the social learning theory.

The student will analyze key concepts associated with information processing.
Element: SSPBC2.a
Describe the components of the human information processing system; include working memory, long term memory, sensory memory, and attention.
Element: SSPBC2.b
Evaluate strategies that enhance memory; include mnemonics, rehearsal, and elaboration.
Element: SSPBC2.c
Analyze theories of forgetting; include loss of access, interference, displacement, and decay.
Element: SSPBC2.d
Explain the phenomena involved in problem solving and decisionmaking; include heuristics, algorithms, biases, expectancies, and mental set.

Describe behavioral, social, and cognitive changes from the prenatal period throughout the life span.
Element: SSPBC3.a
Chart physical changes of a human being from conception through late adulthood.
Element: SSpBC3.b
Explain the developmental models of Freud, Piaget, Kholberg, and Erickson.
Element: SSPBC3.c
Compare and contrast the tehories of language and language acquisition; include Chomsky, Skinner, and Whorf.
Element: SSPBC3.d
Describe the role of critical periods in development.

Strand: Variability of Behavior Among Individuals and Groups

The student will analyze concepts related to the measurement and nature of intelligence.
Element: SSPVB1.a
Differentiate between general and multiple intelligences.
Element: SSPVB1.b
Explain how intelligence may be influenced by heredity and environment.
Element: SSPVB1.c
Evaluate the reliability, validity, and standardization of historical and contemporary intelligence tests.
Element: SSPVB1.d
Evaluate the implications of measurement of intelligence on the individual and culture.

The student will evaluate assessment tools and theories in personality.
Element: SSPVB2.a
Evaluate Psychodynamic Theory and its impact on contemporary psychology.
Element: SSPVB2.b
Evaluate the Humanistic Perspective.
Element: SSPVB2.c
Analyze the purpose and theories of the Trait Perspective of personality.
Element: SSPVB2.d
Analyze the Social-Cognitive Perspective of personality.

The student will identify abnormal behavior and treatment.
Element: SSPVB3.a
Identify criteria that distinguish normal from disordered behavior; include the criteria of distress, deviance, and dysfunction.
Element: SSPVB3.b
Describe methods used to diagnose and assess abnormal behavior; include the current version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the MMPI, and projective tests.
Element: SSPVB3.c
Compare anxiety disorders, mood disorders, personality disorders, and schizopherenia and describe appropriate treatments for these disorders.
Element: SSPVB3.d
Analyze the challenges associated with labeling psychological disorders and the impact of diagnosis on patients.
Element: SSPVB3.e
Compare the biomedical, psychoanalytical, cognitive, and behavioral approaches to the treatment of psychological disorders.

Strand: Social Psychology

The student will analyze the impact of the social environment on behaviors and attitudes.
Element: SSPSP1.a
Explain phenomena that result from the influence of the social environment on the individual and vice versa; include obedience, social facilitation, social loafing, bystander apathy, conformity, groupthink, group polarization, and deindividuation.
Element: SSPSP1.b
Analyze attribution and cognitive dissonance theories pertaining to social judgements and attitudes.
Element: SSPSP1.c
Explain the factors that contribute to affiliation and attraction; include proximity, mere-exposure effect, and similarity.
Element: SSpSP1.d
Analyze and evaluate the ethics of experimentation in social psychology; include Milgram's experiment of obedience and Zimbardo's Stanford Prison Experiment.

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