Physics Version: CPS05-06

Scholastic Area that Course Is Active In: Science

Strand: Characteristics of Science -- Habits of Mind

S.ChS.1 Science Inquiry: Questions & Design
The learner will evaluate the importance of curiosity, honesty, openness, and skepticism in science:
Element: S.ChS.1.a
Exhibit the above traits in their own scientific activities
Element: S.ChS.1.b
Recognize that different explanations often can be given for the same evidence
Element: S.ChS.1.c
Explain that further understanding of scientific problems relies on the design and execution of new experiments which may reinforce or weaken opposing explanations.

S.ChS.2 Science Inquiry: Safety
The learner will use standard safety practices for all classroom laboratory and field investigations
Element: S.ChS.2.a
Follow correct procedures for use of scientific apparatus
Element: S.ChS.2.b
Demonstrate appropriate technique in all laboratory situations
Element: S.ChS.2.c
Follow correct protocol for identifying and reporting safety problems and violations.

S.ChS.3 Science Inquiry: Lab Processes
The learner will identify and investigate problems scientifically:
Element: S.ChS.3.a
Suggest reasonable hypotheses for identified problems
Element: S.ChS.3.b
Develop procedures for solving scientific problems
Element: S.ChS.3.c
Collect, organize and record appropriate data
Element: S.ChS.3.d
Graphically compare and analyze data points and/or summary statistics
Element: S.ChS.3.e
Develop reasonable conclusions based on data collected
Element: S.ChS.3.f
Evaluate whether conclusions are reasonable by reviewing the process and checking against other available information.

The student uses technology to create, add, edit, and draw conclusions from information displayed in charts and graphs. (Examples might include using Graph Club, Excel, etc.)

S.ChS.4 Science Inquiry: Data Collection & Technology
The learner will use tools and instruments for observing, measuring, and manipulating scientific equipment and materials:
Element: S.ChS.4.a
Develop and use systematic procedures for recording and organizing information
Element: S.ChS.4.b
Use technology to produce tables and graphs
Element: S.ChS.4.c
Use technology to develop, test, and revise experimental or mathematical models.

The student creates basic spreadsheets to organize and display information.

The student creates, manages and utilizes information using spreadsheet tools and applications.

The student selects and uses technology tools for data collection, analysis, presentation, collaboration and/or creativity to solve problems and make decisions.

S.ChS.5 Science Inquiry: Research & Analysis
The learner will demonstrate the computation and estimation skills necessary for analyzing data and developing reasonable scientific explanations:
Element: S.ChS.5.a
Trace the source on any large disparity between estimated and calculated answers to problems
Element: S.ChS.5.b
Consider possible effects of measurement errors on calculations
Element: S.ChS.5.c
Recognize the relationship between accuracy and precision
Element: S.ChS.5.d
Express appropriate numbers of significant figures for calculated data, using scientific notation where appropriate
Element: S.ChS.5.e
Solve scientific problems by substituting quantitative values, using dimensional analysis and/or simple algebraic formulas as appropriate.

S.ChS.6 Science Inquiry: Reporting & Reference
The learner will communicate scientific investigations and information clearly:
Element: S.ChS.6.a
Write clear, coherent laboratory reports related to scientific investigations
Element: S.ChS.6.b
Write clear, coherent accounts of current scientific issues, including possible alternative interpretations of the data
Element: S.ChS.6.c
Use data as evidence to support scientific arguments and claims in written or oral presentations
Element: S.ChS.6.d
Participate in group discussions of scientific investigation and current scientific issues.

T. S.ChS.6.11
The student uses brainstorming/webbing software in planning, organizing, and prewriting.

The student uses a word processing application to create and edit a document that contains text (words, phrases, and sentences) and images. (Examples might include journals, reports, cards, calendars, flyers, etc)

The student creates, modifies and edits documents using desktop publishing and word processing tools to integrate. (Examples include newsletters, flyers, calendars, cards, etc.)

The student combines or transfers information from different applications to prepare and present information to solve content related problems

Strand: Charcteristics of Science -- The Nature of Science

S.ChS.7 Science Inquiry: System Analysis & Reference
The learner will analyze how scientific knowledge is developed. Learners will recognize that:
Element: S.ChS.7.a
The universe is a vast single system in which the basic principles are the same everywhere
Element: S.ChS.7.b
Universal principals are discovered through observation and experimental verification
Element: S.ChS.7.c
From time to time, major shifts occur in the scientific view of how the world works. More often, however, the changes that take place in the body of scientific knowledge are small modifications of prior knowledge. Major shifts in scientific views typically occur after the observation of a new phenomenon or an insightful interpretation of existing data by an individual or research group
Element: S.ChS.7.d
Hypotheses often cause scientists to develop new experiments that produce additional data
Element: S.ChS.7.e
Testing, revising, and occasionally rejecting new and old theories never ends.

The student uses technology tools to research possible solutions to “real world” issues.

S.ChS.8 Science Inquiry: Science Processes
The learner will understand important features of the process of scientific inquiry. The learner will apply the following to inquiry learning practices:
Element: S.ChS.8.a
Scientific investigators control the conditions of their experiments in order to produce valuable data
Element: S.ChS.8.b
Scientific researchers are expected to critically assess the quality of data including possible sources of bias in their investigations' hypotheses, observations, data analyses, and interpretations
Element: S.ChS.8.c
Scientists use practices such as peer review and publication to reinforce the inegrity of scientific activity and reporting
Element: S.ChS.8.d
The merit of a new theory is judged by how well scientific data are explained by the new theory
Element: S.ChS.8.e
The ultimate goal of science is to develop an understanding of the natural universe which is free of biases.
Element: S.ChS.8.f
Science disciplines and traditions differ from one another in what is studied, techniques used, and outcomes sought.

The student plans, creates, and analyzes simple multimedia products collaboratively combining visual elements, sounds, and words to communicate concepts.

The student creates and enhances presentations and documents using appropriate elements and principals of design. (Examples might include repetition of a limited number of colors, fonts, or patterns, continuity of placement of elements, inclusion of images and sounds, etc.)

The student uses search strategies and navigational skills to locate and retrieve information on approved CCSD online resources.

S.ChS.9 Reading in Science
The learner will enhance reading in science by:
Element: S.ChS.9.a
Reading in specific science areas: Read the appropriate fraction of the total minimum of 25 grade-level appropriate books (or equivalent science articles or essays) per year from the science disciplines and participate in discussions related to curricular learning in all areas; Read both informational and fictional texts in a variety of genres and modes of discourse appropriate to the science course; Read technical texts related to the science subject areas
Element: S.ChS.9.b
Discussing books: Discuss messages and themes from books within the science area; Respond to a variety of texts in multiple modes of discourse; Relate messaes and themes from one subject area to messages and themes in another area; Evaluatae the merit of texts within science disciplines; Examne author's purpose in writing; Recognize the features of disciplinary texts
Element: S.ChS.9.c
Building vocabulary knowledge: Demonstrate an understanding of contextual vocabulary in science; Use content vocabulary in writing and speaking; Explore understanding of new words found in science.
Element: S.ChS.9.d
Establishing context: Explore life experiences related to science content or characteristics of science; Discuss in both writing and speaking how certain words are subject area related; Determine strategies for finding content and contextual meaning for unknown words.

The student recognizes the appropriate use of Internet communication tools. (Examples might include web blogs, chat rooms, bulletin boards, etc.)

Strand: Physics

SP1 Mechanics
The learner will analyze with the relationships between force, mass, gravity, and the motion of objects.
Element: SP1.a
The learner will calculate average velocity, instantaneous velocity, and acceleration in a given frame of reference.
Element: SP1.b
The learner will compare and contrast scalar and vector quantities.
Element: SP1.c
The learner will compare graphically and algebraically the relationships among position, velocity, acceleration, and time.
Element: SP1.d
The learner will measure and calculate the magnitude of frictional forces and Newton's three laws of motion.
Element: SP1.e
The learner will measure and calculate the magnitude of gravitational forces.
Element: SP1.f
The learner will measure and calculate of two-dimensional motion (projectile and circular) by using their component vectors.
Element: SP1.g
The learner will measure and calculate centripetal force.
Element: SP1.h
The learner will determine the conditions required to maintain a body in a state of static equilibrium.

SP2 Nuclear Physics
The learner will evaluate the significance of energy in understanding the structure of matter and the universe.
Element: SP2.a
The learner will relate the energy produced through fission and fusion by stars as a driving force in the universe.
Element: SP2.b
The learner will explain how the instability of radioactive isotopes results in spontaneous nuclear reactions.

SP3 Energy Forms & Transformations
The learner will evaluate the forms and transformations of energy.
Element: SP3.a
The learner will analyze, evaluate, and apply the principle of conservation of energy and measure the components of work-energy theorem by:
  • Describing total energy in a closed system
  • Identifying different types of potential energy
  • Calculating kinetic energy given mass and velocity
  • Relating transformations between potential and kinetic energy
  • Element: SP3.b
    The learner will explain the relationship between matter and energy.
    Element: SP3.c
    The learner will measure and calculate the vector nature of momentum.
    Element: SP3.d
    The learner will compare and contrast elastic and inelastic collisions.
    Element: SP3.e
    The learner will demonstrate the factors required to produce a change in momentum.
    Element: SP3.f
    The learner will analyze the relationship between temperature, internal energy and work done in a physical system.
    Element: SP3.g
    The learner will analyze and measure power.

    SP4 Waves
    The learner will analyze the properties and applications of waves.
    Element: SP4.a
    The learner will explain the processes that results in the production and energy transfer of electromagnetic waves.
    Element: SP4.b
    The learner will experimentally determine the behavior of waves in various media in terms of reflection, refraction and diffraction of waves.
    Element: SP4.c
    The learner will explain the relationship between the phenomena of interference and the principle of superposition.
    Element: SP4.d
    The learner will demonstrate the transfer of energy through different mediums by mechanical waves.
    Element: SP4.e
    The learner will determine the location and nature of images formed by the reflection or refraction of light.

    SP5 Electricity & Magnetism
    The learner will evaluate relationships between electrical and magnetic forces.
    Element: SP5.a
    The learner will describe the transformation of mechanical energy into electrical energy and the transmission of electrical energy.
    Element: SP5.b
    The learner will determine the relationship among potential difference, current, and resistance in a direct current circuit.
    Element: SP5.c
    The learner will determine equivalent resistances in series and parallel circuits.
    Element: SP5.d
    The learner will determine the relationship between moving electric charges and magnetic fields.

    SP6 Newtonian Physics Corrections
    The learner will describe the corrections to Newtonian physics given by quantum mechanics and relativity when matter is very small, moving fast compared to the speed of light, or very large.
    Element: SP6.a
    The learner will explain matter as a particle and as a wave.
    Element: SP6.b
    The learner will describe the Uncertainty Principle.
    Element: SP6.c
    The learner will explain the differences in time, space, and mass measurements by two observers when one is in a frame of reference moving at constant velocity parallel to one of the coordinate axes of the other observer's frame of reference if the constant velocity is greater than one tenth the speed of light.
    Element: SP6.d
    The learner will describe the gravitational field surrounding a large mass and its effect on a ray of light.

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