Curriculum

Unit Outlines Standards

Physics Version: CPS05-06

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Unit Name: Unit 01: Mechanics

Essential Question

  • What is motion?
  • How is motion described?
  • Why don't structures collapse?
  • Why do objects start of stop moving?
  • Why are seatbelts important?

  • Topic 1

    One Dimensional Motion

  • Analyze graphical relationships of variables in 1-D motion
  • Differentiate between distance vs. displacement
  • Distinguish between speed vs. velocity and calculate each
  • Evaluate the relationship between velocity and acceleration
  • Topic 1 Vocabulary

    • acceleration
    • dependent variable
    • displacement
    • distance
    • independent variable
    • linear motion
    • slope
    • speed
    • velocity
    • kinematicsAdvanced Vocabulary:x-axis
    • y-axis
    • average speed
    • average velocity
    • constant velocity
    • coordinate system
    • direct relationship
    • displacement
    • distance
    • final velocity
    • frame(s) of reference
    • horizontal component
    • initial velocity
    • instantaneous velocity
    • inverse relationship
    • linear relationship
    • magnitude
    • position
    • position vs. time graph
    • velocity vs. time graph
    • rest
    • scalar quantity
    • speed
    • time interval
    • translation motion
    • uniform acceleration
    • vector quantity
    • vertical component
    • &Delta
    • x
    • &Delta
    • yTeachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 1 Standards and Elements


    SP1.a
    SP1.b
    SP1.c

    Topic 2

    Two-Dimensional Motion

  • Measure and determine vector magnitude and direction
  • Evaluate projectiles & parabolic motion
  • Measure and calculate two-dimensional motion using component vectors
  • Measure and calculate variables associated with circular motion
  • Topic 2 Vocabulary

    • parabolic motion
    • projectile
    • range
    • time of flight
    • trajectory
    • circular motion
    • centripetal acceleration
    • resultant
    • vectorAdvanced Vocabulary:adjacent
    • angle
    • components
    • cosine
    • displacement
    • horizontal
    • hypotenuse
    • opposite
    • Pythagorean theorem
    • resolve
    • resultant
    • sine
    • tangent
    • theta (&Theta
    • )
    • vector addition
    • vector resolution
    • vector subtraction
    • vertical
    • &Delta
    • x
    • &Delta
    • yTeachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 2 Standards and Elements


    SP1.b
    SP1.c
    SP1.f

    Topic 3

    Types of Forces

  • Describe types of forces (normal, gravitational, applied, friction, centripetal, net force)
  • Explain the vector nature of force (vs. scalar)
  • Measure and calculate force
  • Topic 3 Vocabulary

    • free fall
    • friction
    • gravity
    • air resistance
    • gravitational acceleration
    • force
    • equilibrium
    • centripetal force
    • tension
    • normal forceAdvanced Vocabulary:static friction
    • kinetic friction
    • field force
    • drag force
    • coefficient of friction
    • sliding friction
    • rolling friction
    • center of gravity
    • static equilibrium
    • kinetic equilibriumTeachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 3 Standards and Elements


    SP1.b
    SP1.d
    SP1.e
    SP1.g
    SP1.h

    Topic 4

    Newtons' Laws

  • Predict outcomes based on Newton's First Law
  • Using Newton's Second Law, calculate net force
  • Explore reaction pairs of Newton's Third Law
  • Measure and calculate the magnitude of gravitation on earth
  • Topic 4 Vocabulary

    • Newton's 1st Law
    • Newton's 2nd Law
    • Newton's 3rd Law
    • force
    • equilibrium
    • free-body diagram
    • net force
    • inertiaAdvanced Vocabulary:apparent weight
    • contact force
    • field forct
    • interaction pair
    • normal force
    • system
    • weightlessness
    • Law of Universal GravitationTeachers may need to add additional vocabulary words based on student needs.

    Topic 4 Standards and Elements


    SP1.d
    SP1.e

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